Dating buescher saxophone
C melody saxophones are usually marked with a letter "C" above or below the serial number.
Since 1930, only saxophones in the key of B (originally intended by Sax for use in military bands and wind ensembles) have been produced on a large scale.
The C melody saxophone is a saxophone pitched in the key of C, one whole step above the B-flat tenor saxophone.
In the UK it is sometimes referred to as a "C tenor", and in France as a "tenor en ut".
Crosscheck the saxophone's serial number with an online serial number list (See References).The C melody was part of the series of saxophones pitched in C and F intended by the instrument's inventor, Adolphe Sax, for orchestral use.The instrument enjoyed popularity in the early 1900s, perhaps most prominently used by Rudy Wiedoeft and Frankie Trumbauer, but is now uncommon.For example, the record shows that all of the recorded Adolphe Sax instrument sales between 1940-1941 were from instruments already manufactued between 1931-36.There is a fairly detailed record of these instruments recorded in a log book in the Selmer archives in Paris up to 1936 through serial number ~1364. Instruments manufactured after 1936 range in serial number from ~1350-3600. By comparing early verses later instruments, it becomes clear that some Adolphe Sax Selmer saxophones were assembled from the old Adolphe Sax tooling and other were put togther using parts and tooling from the Selmer St.