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Although there is a growing body of research of various linguistic features of synchronous CMC, there is currently very little, if any, research into the most newly developed type of synchronous CMC: that of Internet video chat (IVC).This study hopes to contribute to this fledgling area of CMC research by examining openings in IVC.The theoretical framework of this study is centered in Linells theory of understanding and misunderstanding in discourse.Additionally, the study draws on Coupland et al.s integrative model of levels of analysis of miscommunication (1991, pp.183), and that [m]utuality is most often used about relevant assumptions, background knowledge and premises for communication which are taken to be mutually known (p. In addition, Linell states that [a, which means that it is subject to premises, purposes, and rationalities tied to social activities and situations (p. Following from these explanations, understanding or misunderstanding can be seen as a function of interactive participants collaborative understanding of a particular contribution in a given speech activity and their mutual reasonings for engaging in that speech activity at that particular time. proposed their integrative model for analyzing miscommunication, which consists of six levels of analysis.With this sociological view of communication, it is possible to identify and explain instances in interaction where understanding and misunderstanding might occur. Each level represents a classification of miscommunication, increasing in complexity and contextualization from 1 to 6: at Level 1, miscommunication is seen as an inherent aspect of communication and, as such, unproblematic; at Level 6, miscommunication is idealogically considered problematic in that it disadvantages the targeted social groups.With the rapid development of computer technology and the Internet over the past decade, language researchers have begun to study the area of computer-mediated communication (CMC).The earliest studies in this area looked at the language of e-mail, focusing on the structural and textual features of e-mail messages in first language (L1) settings (see Crystal, 2001, for a review) and in second language (L2) settings (Warschauer, 1995; Hartford & Bardovi-Harlig, 1996; Inglis, 1998; Gaines, 1999).
On each participants computer screen, there are windows for the main program menu, the chat dialog, the menu showing a video image of each chat room participant, and the participants own video image.11ff., as cited in House, Kasper, & Ross, 2003, pp. In the sections that follow, these notions are briefly discussed in turn.According to Linell (1995), Understanding and misunderstanding (in discourse) concern degrees of intersubjectivity and are therefore pertinent to mutualities in dialogue (p. Linell further explains that intersubjectivity refers to shared and mutual understanding (p.Specifically, this study examines how new members negotiate entry with current chat room participants into ongoing chat sessions.In doing so, this study examines factors that contribute to successful and unsuccessful entry into IVC.