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In early 1940, Bush lobbied for the creation of the National Defense Research Committee.Frustrated by previous bureaucratic failures in implementing technology in World War I, Bush sought to organize the scientific power of the United States for greater success.In 1928 it became a recognized field when John von Neumann published a series of papers.Von Neumann's work in game theory culminated in the 1944 book The Theory of Games and Economic Behavior by von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern.The project succeeded in developing and detonating three nuclear weapons in 1945: a test detonation of a plutonium implosion bomb on July 16 (the Trinity test) near Alamogordo, New Mexico; an enriched uranium bomb code-named "Little Boy" on August 6 over Hiroshima, Japan; and a second plutonium bomb, code-named "Fat Man" on August 9 over Nagasaki, Japan.As a discipline, Project Management developed from different fields including construction, engineering and defense.
The value of this project as an influence on organized collaboration is attributed to Vannevar Bush.
The term military-industrial complex refers to a close and symbiotic relationship among a nation's armed forces, its private industry, and associated political interests.
In such a system, the military is dependent on industry to supply material and other support, while the defense industry depends on government for revenue.
Prehistoric peoples bartered goods and services with each other without a modern currency.
Peter Watson dates the history of long-distance commerce from circa 150,000 years ago.