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This study was conducted in Government Medical College and attached group of hospital, Kota (Rajasthan).This study was carried out to measure BPD of the fetus in a total of 200 gravid females by using a grey scale real time Sonography Machine (Toshiba color Doppler Nemio XG) employing a 6-3 MHz convex transducer.Gravid women who fulfilled the following criteria were included in the study.Healthy females of the age between 18 and 35 years, with a singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation. Women who did not develop maternal or fetal complications during pregnancies.Other materials used were aqua saline jelly, multiformat camera, single coated sonographic films and transvaginal probe. A completely filled F form (in compliance to Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques act) duly signed by radiologists and women undergoing sonography was submitted prior to the examination.This study was approved by institutional research review board that is, ethical committee.Not only has it provided information about age but also fetal weight and growth of the fetus.In a country like India where most females don't keep a record of last menstrual period (LMP) then these parameters are valuable in estimating GA of fetus.
In wide variety of circumstances of feticide the fetal age determination is important for identification.GA determined by measurement of fetal BPD with real time ultrasonography machine. Observation and Results: In this study, fetal mean BPD showed a linear increase from 13 to 36 weeks.Statistically significant correlation was found between GA and BPD (r = 0.38).Introduction: Assessment of gestational age (GA) in pregnancy can be carried out by measuring several fetal parameters in ultrasound scans and serial ultrasounds can monitor fetal growth.This study was carried out to assess GA in second and third trimesters with the help of ultrasonography measurements of one of the important fetal parameter that is, the bi-parietal diameter (BPD) in the local population (southern zone) of Rajasthan.